As the term implies, the external female anatomy includes the genitals that are outside the body. Collectively, this region is called the vulva. The vulva includes the outer and inner lips of the labia (labia majora and labia minora), clitoris, and the openings to the urethra and vagina. Often, and mistakenly, this entire area is referred to as the vagina. The part of the vagina that can be seen externally is simply the vaginal opening. You’ll learn more about the vagina later in the internal anatomy section.
The internal female anatomy includes the parts you cannot see, but where the most happens reproductively: the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Whether or not a baby is present, the hormonal functions of these organs impact a woman’s daily life.